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According to statistics from the Ministry of Health, by 2022, the proportion of young and middle-aged people with stroke accounts for ⅓ of all stroke cases. The stroke rate in young people is also increasing by 2% each year and the number of patients that are men is 4 times higher than those who are women.

Risk factors and causes of stroke in young people:

  • Obesity, lack of exercise
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Using stimulants
  • Birth control pills
  • Cerebrovascular malformation pathology
  • Smoke regularly

  1. Signs of stroke in young people
  • Distorted mouth, change in voice, slurred speech or stuck words, difficulty speaking. The patient cannot even say the simplest sentences.
  • Pain or severe headache. The pain may not decrease despite the use of pain relievers. However, it should be noted that headaches are not a sign of stroke in young people that everyone experiences. Many cases of stroke have no headache symptoms.
  • Weakness on one side of the face, facial imbalance on both sides. Observe that one side of the patient’s face is sagging, and when he smiles, it becomes distorted.
  • Difficulty moving arms and legs, weakness on one side of the body. Signs of stroke in young people often make the patient unable to lift both arms above their head at the same time.
  • Loss of vision, blurred vision, dizziness, blurred vision, etc. are also common symptoms of stroke in young people.
  1. What types of strokes in young people include?

There are 2 types of stroke in young people, including:

  • Stroke because of cerebral hemorrhage: Accounts for about 15% of stroke cases, occurs because the artery wall hardens and creates cracks and ruptures, thereby causing blood to flow out. Stroke caused by cerebral hemorrhage is especially dangerous, with a high death rate.
  • Stroke related to ischemic stroke: This type of stroke is more common, accounting for 85% of stroke cases. The cause of stroke in this young person is a blood clot that hinders or blocks blood flow to the brain to nourish brain cells.

In addition, there is also a case of transient ischemic stroke, also known as T.I.A, which is a condition in which the brain artery is blocked but then circulates on its own (progressing within 1 hour).

  1. Complications of stroke in young people

Complications of stroke in young people in particular as well as stroke sequelae in general are extremely dangerous, and can lead to death if not promptly treated. Complications that can occur in young people with stroke include:

  • Spasticity of the limbs, paralysis of the arms and legs or possible hemiplegia or paralysis of both arms and legs;
  • Impaired mobility, unable to walk normally;
  • Permanent language disorder;
  • Difficulty swallowing, difficulty chewing, food refluxing when swallowing or getting stuck in the throat;
  • Cerebral edema, which affects the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain;
  • Pneumonia causes difficulty breathing, cough with phlegm, fever, etc.;
  • Urinary tract infection, blood in urine, burning pain when urinating;
  • Epilepsy, convulsions;
  • Deep vein thrombosis;
  • Depression, excessive worry, loss of interest in daily activities, feeling useless and a burden to family and society.

More seriously, if young people with stroke do not receive timely emergency treatment, they can live a permanent vegetative life, spending a lot of money on treatment and putting pressure on themselves, their families and society. Many people die because they are not treated promptly.

  1. How to prevent stroke in young people

How to prevent stroke in young people is an issue that many people are concerned about in the context that stroke cases tend to increase in younger people. The most important thing is to maintain a scientific lifestyle:

  • Avoid staying up late and get enough sleep;
  • Get adequate rest and avoid prolonged stress;
  • Build a reasonable nutritional diet, eat vegetables and fruits, do not use foods high in oil, cholesterol and fat; Avoid drinking wine, beer, alcoholic beverages, and carbonated drinks;
  • Do not use stimulants;
  • Regularly exercise, participate in physical activities, avoid sitting in one place for too long;
  • Examination and treatment, effective control of related diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes…
  • Getting regular health checks and stroke screening help prevent strokes in young people effectively.


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